Your Complete
Guide to Senior Living


Featured Senior Living Communities

What is Senior Living?

senior living encompasses several types of living: this tri-picture shows, Nursing Home, Independent and Assisted living

Senior living refers to a specialized residential community or housing option designed to meet the needs and preferences of older adults, typically aged 65 and older. Purposefully designed, these communities are tailored to provide a supportive and comfortable environment for older adults as they age. Hence, they often offer a range of services, amenities, and care options.

These communities can encompass various types of facilities and housing arrangements, including:

Independent Living

Independent living communities are designed for active and relatively healthy older adults who want to downsize, reduce maintenance responsibilities, and enjoy a socially engaging environment. Generally, residents in independent living typically live in private apartments or cottages and have access to various amenities and activities.

Assisted Living

Assisted living communities are for older adults who may need some assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs), such as bathing, dressing, or medication management. These facilities provide a combination of housing, personal care services, and social activities.

Memory Care

Memory care facilities cater specifically to individuals with Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia. They offer specialized care, security, and programs to support residents with memory impairments.

Skilled Nursing or Nursing Homes

Skilled nursing facilities are commonly known as nursing homes. All encompassing, they provide comprehensive 24-hour medical care and rehabilitation services for those with chronic medical conditions, disabilities, or severe health issues.

Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs)/Life Care Communities

CCRCs are multi-level senior living communities that offer a continuum of care. This continuum includes independent living, assisted living, and skilled nursing care, so residents can transition to higher levels of care as their needs change.

Home Care

Some older adults choose to remain in their own homes and receive assistance from home care agencies. Caregivers provide services like meal preparation, companionship, and help with daily tasks, so daily life is more manageable.

Senior living communities have several goals. To enhance quality of life, promote socialization, and ensure they receive appropriate care and support as people age. The specific services, amenities, and care levels can vary widely between senior living communities, so individuals and their families should carefully consider their needs and preferences when choosing a living arrangement.

There are many benefits that senior living offers that can enhance the quality of life for older adults. Not only for ease of life, but for physical and mental well-being as well. Some of these benefits include:

Social Engagement

Social engagement is a key factor in a positive aging experience. Senior living communities often provide a built-in social network. This allows residents to make new friends and engage in activities and events. Therefore, combating feelings of isolation and loneliness, which can be common among those living alone.

Maintenance-Free Living

Many communities, such as independent living communities, take care of maintenance tasks like yard work and home repairs. This frees residents from the burdens of homeownership and allows them to focus on enjoying life.

Safety and Security

Knowing your loved one is safe and secure allows for peace of mind. Senior living communities typically have safety measures in place, such as 24/7 security and emergency response systems. This provides peace of mind to both residents and their families.

Access to Healthcare

Some senior living facilities have on-site healthcare services or easy access to medical care. This can be especially beneficial for older adults with chronic health conditions.

Nutritious Meals

Many communities offer dining options with chef-prepared meals, so residents have access to nutritious and balanced food without the hassle of cooking.

Support with Daily Activities

Assisted living and memory care communities provide assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs). Notably, they provide assistance with such things as bathing, dressing, and medication management that can help individuals maintain their independence.

Enriching Activities

Senior living communities often offer a wide range of activities and programs. From fitness classes to cultural outings and more, they provide opportunities for intellectual stimulation and recreation.

Reduced Homeownership Costs

Moving to a senior living community can lead to savings on property taxes, utilities, and home maintenance expenses. For families caring for older loved ones, senior living can provide respite and relief from the demands of caregiving while ensuring their loved ones receive proper care.

Respite for Caregivers

Caring for a loved one is a big job, especially when trying to balance caregiving with other life responsibilities like work, raising children, and home maintenance. Senior living can offer much-needed respite to caregivers when the responsibilities become more than they can manage.

Peace of Mind

Knowing there is a support system in place and access to care as needed gives older adults and their families peace of mind about the future.

It’s important to note that specific benefits can vary depending on the type of living arrangement and the individual’s needs and preferences. Exploring different options and considering personal priorities is crucial when making a decision about the type of community that is right for you.

The cost of senior living can vary significantly based on factors such as location, the level of care needed, and the amenities offered. The following is a general overview of the average cost by type of living arrangement in the US as of 20231. Please keep in mind that these figures are approximate and can change over time.

Independent Living:

  • Average Monthly Cost: $3,000
  • Costs can vary based on the size of the apartment or cottage and the amenities offered.

Assisted Living:

  • Average Monthly Cost: $4,807
  • Costs depend on the level of care required and the specific services included in the monthly fee.

Memory Care:

  • Average Monthly Cost: $5,995
  • Memory care tends to be more expensive due to the specialized care provided to individuals with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia.

Skilled Nursing Facility (Nursing Home):

  • Average Daily Cost: $250 to $450 (or more) per day
  • Costs are typically calculated on a daily basis. They can vary widely based on location and the level of care required, so some local research will be necessary.

Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs):

  • Entrance Fees: Can range from $20,000 to $500,000 or more, depending on the type of contract (e.g., life care, modified, or fee-for-service).
  • Monthly Fees: Vary depending on the contract type and level of care.

Home Care:

  • Average Hourly Cost: $30 per hour
  • Costs depend on the number of hours of care needed and whether it’s provided by a home care agency or an independent caregiver.
Senior Living TypeAverage Monthly CostAverage Daily Cost (Skilled Nursing)Entrance Fees (CCRCs)
Independent Living$3,000
Assisted Living$4,807
Memory Care$5,995
Skilled Nursing Facility (Nursing Home)$250 to $450 (or more) per day
Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs)*$2,000 – $4,000Entrance Fees: $20,000 to $500,000 or more
Home Care$30 per hour
*In addition to the CCRC entrance fee, residents pay a monthly fee. Monthly fees can vary based on level of care.

It’s essential to note that these are rough estimates, and actual costs can vary widely based on location-specific factors, the specific community, and individual circumstances. Additionally, costs can change over time due to inflation and changes in the senior housing industry.

Families should thoroughly research and consider their financial situation when planning for senior living. It’s advisable to obtain detailed pricing information directly from the communities of interest. Additionally, exploring options such as long-term care insurance or government assistance programs can help finance senior living costs.

Paying for senior living: a jar of money and several stacks of coins, each with a small tree growing out of it, and a check register.

Paying for retirement living and long-term senior care can be a complex process. Individuals and families often need to explore various funding options to cover the costs. Here are some common options to consider:

Personal Savings and Assets

Many individuals use their savings, investments, and assets, such as the sale of a home, to fund retirement living or long-term care. Having a dedicated retirement savings plan can be beneficial in this regard.

Long-Term Care Insurance

Long-term care insurance policies are designed to cover the costs associated with senior living and long-term care. The coverage and premiums vary based on the policy and the individual’s age and health, so it’s important to purchase such insurance well in advance of needing care.


Medicare is a federal health insurance program for individuals aged 65 and older. While it covers certain medical expenses, it does not typically pay for long-term care or assisted living costs. However, it may cover short-term skilled nursing care in certain situations.


Medicaid is a joint federal and state program that provides healthcare coverage for low-income individuals, including older adults. Eligibility and benefits vary by state, but Medicaid can cover some long-term care services if an individual meets income and asset requirements.

Veterans Benefits

Veterans and their spouses may be eligible for benefits through the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VA offers programs that can help cover the costs of senior living and long-term care for qualified veterans, so it’s important to explore eligibility.

Reverse Mortgage

A reverse mortgage allows homeowners aged 62 and older to convert part of their home’s equity into cash. This can be used to cover expenses, but it’s essential to understand the potential implications for the home’s ownership.


Some individuals purchase annuities that provide a stream of income to cover long-term care expenses. These annuities can be tailored to meet specific financial needs.

Family Support

In some cases, family members contribute financially to help cover the costs of senior living or long-term care for their loved ones. Understandably, this is not an option for all families, but one to be considered nonetheless.

Sale of Life Insurance

Some may choose to sell or convert a life insurance policy into a long-term care benefit plan. In turn, this allows them to use the policy’s value to pay for care.

Bridge Loans

Bridge loans are short-term loans that can help cover the gap between the sale of a home and the move into a senior living community. They are typically repaid once the home is sold, so they can be a good option when time is a factor.

Personal Income

Regular income from pensions, Social Security, and other sources can contribute to covering senior living costs.

Community-Based Programs

Some communities offer programs or grants to help older adults with limited resources access necessary care and support services. However, it make take some leg work on your part to find them.

It’s essential to plan for senior care expenses in advance, explore available options, and consult with financial advisors or elder care professionals to make informed decisions about how to fund senior living and long-term care. Each person’s financial situation and care needs are unique, so it’s crucial to create a personalized plan that aligns with their circumstances.

Disclaimer: The content on this site is meant for general informational purposes and should not be considered professional advice. While we strive for accuracy, we recommend consulting experts for specific guidance. We are not responsible for any decisions made based on this information.

  1. Report: Cost of Long Term Care and Senior Living 2023 ↩︎
Liz Craven
Liz Craven

Liz Craven, co-publisher of Sage Aging ElderCare Guide alongside her husband Wes, brings a blend of personal experience and heartfelt dedication to her work. Their path in eldercare started with a family story — caring for Wes' grandmother, Mabel, who faced Alzheimer's. This personal chapter not only highlighted the complexities of eldercare but also ignited their passion to support others in similar situations. Later, Liz and Wes filled the caregiver role three more times for their parents. Through the Sage Aging ElderCare Guide, Liz offers a mix of empathetic insight and practical advice, making eldercare more approachable and less daunting for families. Her commitment shines through in every piece of advice, aiming to ease the journey for others as they navigate the world of eldercare.

Articles: 79